How do oysters make pearls?

Pearls are made by marine oysters and freshwater mussels as a natural defence against an irritant such as a parasite entering their shell or damage to their fragile body. The oyster or mussel slowly secretes layers of aragonite and conchiolin, materials that also make up its shell. This creates a material called nacre, also known […]

The Culture of Freshwater Pearls

A great irony of pearl history is that the least expensive cultured pearl product in the market today rivals the quality of the most expensive natural pearls ever found. The price-value anomaly is obvious to consumers as they hasten to buy Chinese freshwater bargains. Indeed, pearls from freshwater mussels lie at the center of the […]

The fish that’s also a pearl

Pearls are the result of a mollusc’s reaction to irritants such as parasites that enter its shell. Although model pearls are perfectly round and smooth, in reality they come in a huge number of shapes and sizes. Watch Andreia Salvador, Curator of Marine Mollusca, take a look at one of the Museum’s most extraordinary and […]

What’s Killing the Oysters

by Peter TysonJapan’s akoya oysters have been preëminent among cultured pearls ever since Kokichi Mikimoto first established the industry in the early part of this century. But since 1994, something has been killing off the akoyas of Ago Bay, the heart of Japan’s cultured-pearl business, and elsewhere in the country. Experts attribute the initial oyster deaths in […]

Mutiara dari siput

Banyak yang mengenal mutiara dari jenis kerang mutiara yang umum dibudidaya, namun ternyatamasih banyak potensi mutiara yang bisa dihasilkan oleh moluska jenis lain termasuk jenis siput ataugastropod. Potensi ini memang sangat besar! Sebut saja mutiara dari Strombus gigas atau Melomelo dan dari jenis abalone, Haliotis iris yang terkenal di Selandia Baru. Jangan dulu bicara tentangmutiara […]

Mutiara: airmata sang dewi

Mutiara dikenal sebagai ‘ratu dari batu mulia’. Konon, mutiara adalah titisan air mata dewi yangmembatu di dalam kerang. Cerita yang melegenda ini membuat mutiara menjadi aksesoris yangdicari sejak dahulu kala. Ribuan tahun sebelum masehi, mutiara telah dikenal di India, China dandaerah Persia. Dalam legenda Hindu di India, Dewa Khrisna konon menemukan mutiara yangdidapatnya dari laut […]

PEARL CULTURE IN INDIA

Pearls, one of the highly esteemed gems, are very valuable due to the high demand andprices for them. Several countries bordering the Indian and Pacific Oceans and somecountries along the Eastern Atlantic Ocean have pearl oyster resources. Many of thesecountries, particularly those in Asia, are very much interested in pearl oyster farming andpearl culture. Japan […]

SKKNI Budidaya Mutiara

Sejak akhir tahun 2015 telah dilakukan serial kegiatan yang diinisiasi oleh Kementerian Kelautan danPerikanan Indonesia bekerjasama dengan Asosiasi Budidaya Mutiara Indonesia (ASBUMI). Serial kegiatan ini adalah untuk mendapatkan formulasi Standar Kompetensi Kerja Nasional Indonesia(SKKNI) bagi para calon praktisi atau pekerja di bidang budidaya mutiara. Dengan adanya standar inimaka pekerja di bidang ini setidaknya akan menguasai […]

Produksi Mutiara Laut Selatan tahun 2010

Sebuah analisis. Produksi Mutiara Laut Selatan Indonesia saat ini mencapai 26% dari jumlah produksi Mutiara LautSelatan dunia. Demikian Siaran Pers yang disampaikan Kepala Pusat Data Statistik dan Informasi(Pusdatin) Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan (KKP), Soen`an H. Poernomo dan diaminkan olehMenteri Kelautan dan Perikanan Dr. Fadel Muhammad. Sebuah kabar menarik dalam perkembanganpasar mutiara budidaya dunia. Tentu saja […]